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What are the Most Common Travel Illnesses and How to Protect Yourself Against Them?

  Travel, especially to exotic destinations, involves the risk of encountering various diseases. A number of infections can threaten the health of travelers, and some of them can be serious. Here's a look at the most common travel illnesses and how to protect yourself from them.

   Travelers' diarrhea


  Traveler's diarrhea is the most common health ailment in people traveling to developing countries. It is usually caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Good hygiene practices like frequent hand washing and avoiding suspect food and unsafe water are key to preventing traveler's diarrhea.

   Malaria


  Malaria is a serious mosquito-borne disease that is common in many tropical countries. A vaccine against malaria is in the research phase, so currently malaria prevention consists of using anti-malarials, wearing clothing to protect against bites and taking anti-malarial medications.


   Yellow fever


  Yellow fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease found mainly in Africa and South America. Vaccination against yellow fever is very effective and often required for entry into some countries.


   Tick-borne diseases


  Tick-borne diseases, such as Lyme disease and tick encephalitida, are common in many parts of the world, including Europe and North America. Using tick repellent, wearing appropriate clothing and checking the body for ticks are key preventive measures.

   Hepatitis A and B


  Hepatitis A and B are serious infections that can be transmitted through contaminated food and water (hepatitis A) or through body fluids such as blood and semen (hepatitis B). Vaccination against hepatitis A and B is available and is an effective preventive measure.

   Influenza


  Influenza is a common disease whose risk increases during the winter in the hemisphere to which you are traveling. The flu vaccine is recommended for all travelers.

  In summary, many travel illnesses can be prevented by adopting appropriate preventive measures, such as vaccinations, mosquito and tick repellents, safe dietary and personal practices. With proper preparation, you can travel safely and enjoy new experiences without worrying about your health.

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